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Don’t just cry, do something
In the event of an emergency (if anyone has an accident or is suddenly sick) and if you are alone:
Call an adult.
Dial and try to explain what is going on.
The telephone number you are ringing from.
Where you are (address).
How the person or people who need help is/are.
Never hang up until you are told you can.
If someone faints:
Check that the person has passed out. Call them and touch them on the shoulders. If they do not respond, call for help.
Dial and try to put them on their side with their head back.
Look at the pictures and try to practise at home with your parents and, why not teach them the Safety Side Position.
Knocks to the head
When you fall and hit your head, even if it looks like it is just a bump it is best to ask for help from an adult. You should apply ice to the spot to prevent it from swelling, but if you feel unwell and like you want to be sick or if you feel sleepy, you need to be looked at in a hospital.
If you hit your bones very hard they can break. Besides hurting a lot, the zone affected can become swollen. Try not to move and ask for help from an adult to immobilise it. At times just a pillow can help. Observe the pictures.
If it is just a small wound you should wash it with only water and then disinfect it. Then, to protect it you should put a plaster on it. However, if it is a big cut or if it was caused by some object (wooden splinters, filings, bamboo cane, or other) should be looked at in a hospital. Never try to remove the object from the wound.
When we have a wound which bleeds, we say we have a haemorrhage.
Try to stay calm as the more nervous you are the more you will bleed, and get help from an adult. If it is a small haemorrhage, try to stop it, pressing on the place with a clean cloth or with compresses for at least 5 minutes. If the haemorrhage is on your leg or arm, try to raise it up by placing a cushion under it, for example.
Haemorrhage from the nose
If you bang your head or fall violently, do not try to stop the haemorrhage. Try not to move and call an adult.
But if you did not bang your head, try to stop the blood, keeping your head straight (looking in front) and squeezing your nose tightly for at least 5 minutes. You can also put ice on the spot.
If you sit or go close to a fire or very hot objects you can get burned. Depending on how serious it is, a burn, besides being painful and causing scarring, can be very dangerous for your health.
If the skin is red, hot and dry and hurts a lot, place the affected zone under cold water until it stops hurting. Then ask an adult for a moisturising cream and spread it generously over the burned area. You will soon see that it feels a lot better.
But if your skin forms bubbles you should relieve the pain by placing the affected area under cold water, taking care not to burst them.
Ask an adult for help and go to a health centre or hospital.
Insect bites or stings
If your skin goes red and swells up, disinfect it and place ice wrapped in a cloth over the spot. If you start to feel short of breath, you should immediately call an adult and dial 112.
Ask for help from an adult. Wash the area of the bite with a sterile saline solution (physiological serum), disinfect it and put a plaster on it. You should then head for a health centre or hospital.
Safety on wheels
The practice of sports is good for health and the use of the bicycle or the skate can be an excellent and ecological mean of transport. However it is necessary to have certain precautions. Besides the respect for the traffic rules, it is indispensable that you wear a protective equipment (knee pads, elbow pads, gloves, helmet and appropriate shoes) and make sure that your vehicle works well.
Let’s go for a walk?
It is great to go for a walk with the family. Sometimes we go to the countryside, to the beach, but there are also other types of places like shopping malls, cinemas and fun parks, for example.
On the way to school
In order to get safely to and from school every day, just follow these rules:
On the way to school or on your way home again always go with a friend. It is much safer and much more fun. Walk or ride your bike in well-lit zones and never use shortcuts.
Wait for the bus in a group. If anyone bothers you, move away from them and immediately tell an adult you trust about what went on.
Never ask for a ride from a stranger or from people you do not feel at ease with.
If anyone follows you on foot, get away from that person. If the person is in a car, turn around and go in the opposite direction. Immediately tell an adult you trust about what happened.
Never leave school with someone you are not at ease with or who you do not know, even if they tell you it is an emergency. Always check first with an adult you trust.
When out of your house, try not to wear clothes or things where your name is visible.
If you are thinking about changing your plans for after school, first tell someone in your family. Do not play in parks, shopping malls or games halls without authorization. Never accept money from strangers.
If you return home alone check that everything is OK before entering. Once inside, tell your parents or other member of your family that you have arrived and that you are OK.
Follow the rules for being alone at home:
Keep the door of the house closed and locked and do not open it to anyone, unless it is an approved visitor.
Never tell someone you do not know, over the phone, that you are in the house alone.
Always keep handy the telephone number of a neighbour or of an adult you trust and who you can turn to if necessary.
The internet is a very useful tool for learning about new things and for chatting on-line with family and friends. But be careful, there are rules you should follow in order to surf safely:
Never agree to meet up with strangers without your parents’ authorization. If they say it is OK, make the encounter in a public place and go with you father or mother.
If someone sends you unpleasant messages or messages you do not understand, inform your parents straight away.
Do not give out personal information on your family (telephone numbers, address, the school you go to or the places where you usually play).
Do not accept photographs or other files from strangers. They might contain a virus or may be malicious.
Do not send your photograph or photographs of your friends to strangers, without first asking for your parents’ opinion.
I know how to use my mobile phone!
As you know, mobile phones are not only for making calls. We can use them for taking photographs, accessing the Internet, sending and receiving files or even e-mails.
In the water!
In the car
Travel on the back seat and always wear your safety belt and appropriate devices, otherwise it only needs a small bump with the car for you to be projected from your seat.
Try not to distract the driver’s attention with noisy games or shouting as s/he needs to pay a lot of attention to the traffic. Do not play with balloons or balls inside the car.
Do not mess with the car doors or windows, and do not put your head, feet or hands outside of the window as you could hurt yourself very badly.
In children’s parks
© Tinoni 2008 Serviço Municipal de Protecção Civil de Lisboa